In episode 19, Yvette and Cynthia discuss different systems of accountability in the context of Chile, specifically the usage of documentary as a form of healing, the case against the dictator Pinochet in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and the recent Vatican decision to punish priests who abused children. They examine the purpose of punishment and grapple with the challenges of truth-finding and accurate collective memory.
Thanks to @romobeats for the intro tune!
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Transition song: Ryan Little – Lucy’s Song
Deep Thoughts: The Pinochet Case by Patricio Guzmán
You can get the documentary on YouTube (rent: $3.99, buy: $7.99) or Amazon (rent SD: $2.99, buy SD: $14.99).
Read Documenting U.S. Role in Democracy’s Fall and Dictator’s Rise in Chile by Pascale Bonnefoy to learn more about our own responsibilities as citizens in the U.S. for what occurred in Chile.
In 1991, the National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation in Chile released it’s report (available here) documenting 3,428 cases of disappearance, killing, torture, and kidnapping.
Case: García Lucero et al. v. Chile
Here’s a comprehensive summary of the case, here’s the decision from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and here’s a shorter summary.
If you want to learn more about the Inter-American Human Rights System, including the Inter-American Court on Human Rights and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, here’s a good source to start with.
Current Event: Cover-Up by Bishop Juan Barros Madrid
Read the NY Times’ Pope’s Defense of Chilean Bishop in Sex Abuse Scandal Causes Outrage by Pascale Bonnefoy and Austin Ramzy for an overview of what’s occurred.
Here’s a more recent overview in the Atlantic: The Pope’s Turnaround on Sex Abuse May Have a “Tsunami Effect” by Emma Green.
If you’re interested in Richard Sipe’s research (featured in the film Spotlight and Netflix’s The Keepers), read From ‘Spotlight’ to ‘Keepers,’ Richard Sipe Sees Celibate Priesthood as Problem for the Catholic Church by Dan Rodricks.
Yvette recommended Patricio Guzmán’s two other documentaries: El Botón de Nácar and Nostalgia de la Luz. See here for a piece in the Guardian on Guzman’s Nostalgia de la Luz.
Cynthia recommended the work of Forensic Architecture, specifically in the Ayotzinapa Case. See the video below for an incredible presentation of what happened in Ayotzinapa.